Despite of being physically separate, the cities, Hubli and Dharwad are often referred to as ‘twin cities’ and is a part of a single municipal corporation in Karnataka. The two cities are separated by 20 kilometers and while Dharwad serves as the administrative center, the city of Hubli serves as a commercial hub. Hubli is not just the business hub of the municipal corporation Hubli-Dharwad but also the major trading center and industrial town in Karnataka. The city flourished in trade of cotton and iron during the reign of the Vijaynagar Kings and is still known for its handloom textiles. The city Dharwad has been an important learning center for arts and literature since the 12th Century AD. The region that contains the city of Dharwad has been ruled by the Chalukyas, the Bahmani Sultanate, Vijaynagar Empire, Mughals, Marathas, Mysore kingdom and eventually the British. The city due to this displays a wide plethora of culture.